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The OpenTok PHP SDK lets you generate sessions and tokens for OpenTok applications, and archive sessions.


Composer helps manage dependencies for PHP projects. Find more info here:

Add this package (opentok/opentok) to your composer.json file, or just run the following at the command line:

$ ./composer.phar require opentok/opentok 2.3.x


Download the opentok.phar file for the latest release from the Releases page.

Place opentok.phar in the include_path OR require it in any script which uses the OpenTok\* classes.



This package follows the PSR-4 autoloading standard. If you are using composer to install, you just require the generated autoloader:

require "<projectpath>/vendor/autoload.php";

Once the files of the SDK are loaded, you initialize an OpenTok\OpenTok object with your own API Key and API Secret.

use OpenTok\OpenTok;

$opentok = new OpenTok($apiKey, $apiSecret);

Creating Sessions

To create an OpenTok Session, use the createSession($options) method of the OpenTok\OpenTok class. The $options parameter is an optional array used to specify the following:

The getSessionId() method of the OpenTok\Session instance returns the session ID, which you use to identify the session in the OpenTok client libraries.

use OpenTok\MediaMode;
use OpenTok\ArchiveMode;

// Create a session that attempts to use peer-to-peer streaming:
$session = $opentok->createSession();

// A session that uses the OpenTok Media Router, which is required for archiving:
$session = $opentok->createSession(array( 'mediaMode' => MediaMode::ROUTED ));

// A session with a location hint:
$session = $opentok->createSession(array( 'location' => '' ));

// An automatically archived session:
$sessionOptions = array(
    'archiveMode' => ArchiveMode::ALWAYS,
    'mediaMode' => MediaMode::ROUTED
$session = $opentok->createSession($sessionOptions);

// Store this sessionId in the database for later use
$sessionId = $session->getSessionId();

Generating Tokens

Once a Session is created, you can start generating Tokens for clients to use when connecting to it. You can generate a token either by calling the generateToken($sessionId, $options) method of the OpenTok\OpenTok class, or by calling the generateToken($options) method on the OpenTok\Session instance after creating it. The $options parameter is an optional array used to set the role, expire time, and connection data of the Token.

use OpenTok\Session;
use OpenTok\Role;

// Generate a Token from just a sessionId (fetched from a database)
$token = $opentok->generateToken($sessionId);
// Generate a Token by calling the method on the Session (returned from createSession)
$token = $session->generateToken();

// Set some options in a token
$token = $session->generateToken(array(
    'role'       => Role::MODERATOR,
    'expireTime' => time()+(7 * 24 * 60 * 60), // in one week
    'data'       => 'name=Johnny'

Working with Archives

You can only archive sessions that use the OpenTok Media Router (sessions with the media mode set to routed).

You can start the recording of an OpenTok Session using the startArchive($sessionId, $name) method of the OpenTok\OpenTok class. This will return an OpenTok\Archive instance. The parameter $archiveOptions is an optional array and is used to assign a name, whether to record audio and/or video, and the desired output mode for the Archive. Note that you can only start an Archive on a Session that has clients connected.

// Create a simple archive of a session
$archive = $opentok->startArchive($sessionId);

// Create an archive using custom options
$archiveOptions = array(
    'name' => 'Important Presentation',     // default: null
    'hasAudio' => true,                     // default: true
    'hasVideo' => true,                     // default: true
    'outputMode' => OutputMode::INDIVIDUAL  // default: OutputMode::COMPOSED
$archive = $opentok->startArchive($sessionId, $archiveOptions);

// Store this archiveId in the database for later use
$archiveId = $archive->id;

Setting the output mode to OutputMode::INDIVIDUAL setting causes each stream in the archive to be recorded to its own individual file. The OutputMode::COMPOSED setting (the default) causes all streams in the archive to be recorded to a single (composed) file.

You can stop the recording of a started Archive using the stopArchive($archiveId) method of the OpenTok\OpenTok object. You can also do this using the stop() method of the OpenTok\Archive instance.

// Stop an Archive from an archiveId (fetched from database)
// Stop an Archive from an Archive instance (returned from startArchive)

To get an OpenTok\Archive instance (and all the information about it) from an archive ID, use the getArchvie($archiveId) method of the OpenTok\OpenTok class.

$archive = $opentok->getArchive($archiveId);

To delete an Archive, you can call the deleteArchive($archiveId) method of the OpenTok\OpenTok class or the delete() method of an OpenTok\Archive instance.

// Delete an Archive from an archiveId (fetched from database)
// Delete an Archive from an Archive instance (returned from startArchive, getArchive)

You can also get a list of all the Archives you've created (up to 1000) with your API Key. This is done using the listArchives($offset, $count) method of the OpenTok/OpenTok class. The parameters $offset and $count are optional and can help you paginate through the results. This will return an instance of the OpenTok\ArchiveList class.

$archiveList = $opentok->listArchives();

// Get an array of OpenTok\Archive instances
$archives = $archiveList->getItems();
// Get the total number of Archives for this API Key
$totalCount = $archiveList->totalCount();

Note that you can also create an automatically archived session, by passing in ArchiveMode::ALWAYS as the archiveMode key of the options parameter passed into the OpenTok->createSession() method (see "Creating Sessions," above).

For more information on archiving, see the OpenTok archiving programming guide.


You need an OpenTok API key and API secret, which you can obtain by logging into your TokBox account.

The OpenTok PHP SDK requires PHP 5.3 or greater.

Release Notes

See the Releases page for details.

Important changes since v2.2.0

Changes in v2.2.1:

The default setting for the createSession() method is to create a session with the media mode set to relayed. In previous versions of the SDK, the default setting was to use the OpenTok Media Router (media mode set to routed). In a relayed session, clients will attempt to send streams directly between each other (peer-to-peer); if clients cannot connect due to firewall restrictions, the session uses the OpenTok TURN server to relay audio-video streams.

Changes in v2.2.0:

This version of the SDK includes support for working with OpenTok archives.

The names of many methods of the API have changed. Many method names have changed to use camel case, including the following:

Note also that the options parameter of the OpenTok->createSession() method has a mediaMode property instead of a p2p property.

The API_Config class has been removed. Store your OpenTok API key and API secret in code outside of the SDK files.